What best protects against radiation and how to act in a dangerous situation – find out in the UNIAN material.
In wartime conditions, when the enemy uses more and more brutal methods of struggle, and also strikes at nuclear power plants, willy-nilly, Ukrainians begin to think about the possibility of a radiation accident. UNIAN with reference to WHO data tell you what to do when radiation spreads and how to protect yourself from exposure.
Earlier we talked about what happens after a nuclear explosion and how to behave in such a case.
What is the danger of radiation – important information
Our country is already familiar with the consequences of radiation – the explosion at the nuclear power plant in Chernobyl showed the whole world how terrible and destructive such energy is. According to WHO, high doses of radiation can disrupt the functioning of human tissues and organs, as well as cause:
- nausea and vomiting;
- redness of the skin;
- hair loss;
- burns or radiation syndrome;
- of death.
As a rule, the aforementioned signs of exposure appear only in those who were closest to the epicenter of the accident. The rest of the people need to take precautions to protect their health.
How to protect yourself from radiation at home
We hope you never need this information, but forewarned is forearmed. If you are close to a radiation accident, follow the instructions:
- stay indoors or find him as soon as possible;
- take off your clothes if you come from the street and put them in a bag;
- put on clean, closed clothes;
- do not touch anything – radioactive dust settles on the walls, ceiling, roof and ground;
- close all windows and doors, plug cracks;
- keep pets near you;
- make a supply of food for several days – put everything in an airtight bag and hide it in a cold place;
- find a mask or respirator to protect the respiratory tract;
- drink only bottled water – avoid open sources;
- turn on the radio and listen to the instructions of the authorities.
It’s better not to go outside without special need, but if you need to leave the shelter, do not neglect the safety rules. Wear rubber gloves, a raincoat, boots and pants, do not allow open areas of the body. Remember that in no case should you touch the ground, drink or touch water, eat fruits and vegetables. Upon returning home, take a shower or otherwise wash off the dust, but in any case do not rub or scratch the skin.
How to save yourself from radiation with iodine
Many people know that when irradiated, you need to drink iodine, but in fact, WHO does not recommend doing this. Taking iodine inside saves only the thyroid gland and then from radioactive iodine, and not from radiation. The only thing you must do is strictly follow the instructions described above, do not leave your shelter and follow the instructions on the radio.
Wherein, WHO advises on iodine intake according to the age:
- up to 1 month – about 16 mg;
- up to 3 years – about 32 mg;
- 3-12 years – about 62.5 mg;
- 12-40 years – about 125 mg.
- pregnant women – 125 mg.
In addition to all other safety rules for those who are within the range of the irradiating wave, we will tell you what foods can not be eaten with radiation. Firstly, only water in closed containers – bottles and a boiler – is safe. It cannot be taken from a tap or other sources. Boiling does not save from radiation dust either, so it is better to have a supply of clean water.
Only food that was in sealed packaging, freezer or refrigerator before the radiation accident is considered safe. Before opening a jar or box of food, wipe it with a damp towel, then pack it up and hide it.