How to anoint the bite of a midge or mosquito so that the allergy goes faster – find out in the UNIAN material.
In the summer, representatives of not only flora, but also fauna are activated, as a result, many people find themselves bitten by insects. Allergies do not appear in everyone – depending on the state of immunity, the reaction of the body may be different. UNIAN will tell you what to do if you are bitten by mosquitoes or midges.
Earlier we talked about the dangers snakes in Ukraine and what to do when you meet them.
What does an allergy to a midge or mosquito bite look like?
First of all, it is worth understanding that only females bite a person – males do not have this function. At the moment when the mosquito or midge, having joined the body, is filled with blood, the insect injects saliva into the wound. It contains a large amount of proteins that prevent blood from clotting. Due to the fact that this substance is perceived by the human body as foreign, an allergic reaction occurs.
Stronger than other manifestations of allergies are prone to:
- children under 10 years old;
- adults who have fallen prey to previously unfamiliar insects;
- people with diseases of the immune system;
- patients with rare blood diseases.
Not every person reacts sharply to a bite – the severity depends on the state of immunity. For example, babies may not react at all to a bite – their body is not yet familiar with such a situation and does not know what to do with it.
There is no way to know in advance if you are allergic to insect bites. This is found out only at the moment of meeting with a mosquito or midge – according to the reaction of the body.
How to know if you are allergic to mosquito bites
The most striking manifestations of allergies:
- this is swelling of the bite site;
- red blisters;
- swelling and heat at the site of the bite.
Sometimes there are severe cases – fever, vomiting, severe pain, fever, chills and even anaphylaxis. In addition to the fact that an insect bite can develop respiratory arrest, mosquitoes and midges are also carriers of dangerous diseases.
Important see a doctor immediatelyif you experience the following symptoms:
- labored breathing;
- weakness up to loss of consciousness;
- disorientation in space;
- pallor of the skin.
If suddenly pus, a red spot or a blister appears at the site of the bite, this is a reason to call the doctors. It is also worth visiting the hospital if mosquitoes or midges have bitten your face, causing your eyelids, nose, eyes, or lips to swell.
How to smear mosquito bites – folk remedies and doctor’s advice
Most likely, at the appointment with a specialist, you will be prescribed pills or injections against allergies. If you were brought by an ambulance in a critical condition, then medical workers will take measures to provide emergency rehabilitation.
Folk methods for combating mosquito and midge bites as effective as the products of pharmaceutical companies – our mothers and grandmothers used them for decades. You need:
- wash the bite immediately with warm water and soap;
- put ice or something cold on the wound to reduce swelling;
- lubricate the bite site with zinc;
- if it doesn’t get better, use a steroid-based ointment and drink an antihistamine.
Remember that you need to take any pills under the supervision of a doctor – self-medication can lead to unpredictable results.
How to avoid attack by mosquitoes and midges
Naturally, in the summer there is nowhere to get away from insects, but you can reduce the risks of an attack by annoying insects:
- do not use perfume – sweet smells attract mosquitoes and midges;
- do not go to forests and parks in the evening or at night;
- do not wear bright clothes;
- Avoid water and places with high levels of humidity.
If you are afraid that a mosquito or midge bite can provoke a severe allergy, use repellents before each exit to the street – this will help make you invisible to insects for several hours.