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Vaccinations for dogs – at what age and from what they vaccinate – UNIAN

Dog owners should definitely vaccinate their animals to protect their pet from serious diseases.

When to vaccinate dogs / photo REUTERS

Dog owners should definitely vaccinate their pets. An unvaccinated dog can die from a disease that a vaccinated animal can easily tolerate. Dogs of any breed should be vaccinated. Puppies are given several vaccines, and after growing up, the vaccination is repeated once a year for the rest of their lives in order to maintain immunity.

Preparing to vaccinate your dog

Vaccination is a big burden on the dog’s body. Therefore, you need to make sure that at the time of vaccination the animal is completely healthy. 14 days before vaccination, the dog must be given anthelmintic drugs, even if at first glance it does not have parasites. On the day of vaccination, the dog should not be walked. A few hours before the procedure, the pet can be fed, but not heavy food.

When to vaccinate a puppy

Your veterinarian will create an individual vaccination schedule for your puppy. The schedule depends on the breed, dog nutrition, living conditions and the number of animals in the family. Information about all vaccines is entered in the veterinary passport. A sample vaccination schedule is as follows.

  • Puppies are given their first vaccination at the age of 4-6 weeks. At this age, the animal is vaccinated against canine distemper and parvovirus enteritis. Both diseases are very difficult to tolerate and deadly to the unvaccinated. In a month (that is aged 2 months) the puppy is revaccinated. Without two doses, immunity is not complete.
  • AT 8-10 weeks the baby is vaccinated against infectious hepatitis, parainfluenza, leptospirosis. Most often, a multicomponent vaccine is used with pathogens of all of the listed diseases. One month later (i.e. aged 3 months) the puppy is revaccinated.
  • AT 3 months the pet receives the first rabies vaccine. Vaccination of dogs against rabies is mandatory in Ukraine. Make sure that this vaccine is necessarily affixed to the animal’s passport.

When to vaccinate an adult dog

At the age of 1 year and then annually, the dog is vaccinated against rabies, canine distemper, leptospirosis, parvovirus enteritis, and infectious hepatitis. It is impossible to skip vaccines in adulthood, otherwise immunity will not form. If the dog lives in a swampy or forested area, then it is advisable to be vaccinated against leptospirosis every six months.

When not to vaccinate a dog

  • Pregnant and lactating dogs should not be vaccinated. The procedure should be postponed until the female stops feeding the puppies with milk.
  • A sick dog is not vaccinated, otherwise the load on the immune system will be too great.
  • If the dog has had an injury or surgery, such as spaying, it is worth delaying the vaccination for two weeks.
  • With caution, vaccinate a dog that has had a hard time with the last vaccination.

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