The country has identified 32,627 cases of coronavirus. This is also almost 15% less than a week earlier.
The number of deaths from COVID-19 was the lowest since August 2020. During the current week in Russia, 724 people died from this virus, which is about 21% lower than last week. The mortality rate remained at around 2.07%.
There were also hospitalizations less by 8% compared to the previous week. This week, 12,832 people were admitted to hospitals with coronavirus.
The proportion of recovered remains at 96.6% of the total number of infections. At the same time, the number of people recovering continues to decline: from May 2 to May 8, 54,680 people were registered, and from May 9 to 15, 43,781 people (a decrease of 20%).
Risk of a new outbreak of COVID-19
At the end of April, Russian Minister of Health Mikhail Murashko noted a steady decline in the incidence of coronavirus in the country and at the same time warnedthat against this background a new outbreak of COVID-19 is possible.
We know from previous periods that when the incidence slows down, there is a risk of a new rise. Now it is very important to revaccinate, because, according to our forecasts, there is a high risk of an increase in the incidence in the month of June: the end of May, maybe June, as herd immunity is reduced, Murashko said.
Along with the warning that the COVID-19 pandemic in Russia is not over yet, spoke Head of Rospotrebnadzor Anna Popova.
“It is absolutely clear that the pandemic is not over. The World Health Organization (WHO) does not remove the emergency status. All subjects of the Russian Federation also maintain the status of a high-risk situation. The average number of cases now per day is 7-8 thousand. The rate of decline in the incidence has slowed down, ”Popova said at a meeting dedicated to the beginning of the holiday season in the Krasnodar Territory.
Virus and revaccination
All members of the expert community with whom RTVI recently spoke noted that the possibility of new outbreaks of the disease cannot be completely ruled out, since the coronavirus mutates. Among the constantly emerging new strains, a stable one may randomly appear, as was the case with the “delta” and “omicron”.
“The emergence of new strains is a random process based on the introduction of mutations (errors) when copying viral RNA. It is impossible to predict new strains, but it should be borne in mind that the more people get sick, the higher the chance of a new variant of the virus. This is the law of large numbers. The strain can appear in any country with a large number of carriers of the virus, ”Alexei Agranovsky, professor at the Department of Virology at the Faculty of Biology of Moscow State University, told RTVI.
At the same time, experts note that existing vaccines satisfactorily cope with the task of preventing a severe course of the disease in the event of infection with a dominant strain, although they were created before it appeared. Against this background, the population is strongly recommended to be revaccinated in accordance with the instructions of the Ministry of Health, that is, once a year. Even if the disease is mild in most people, the high number of concurrent infections can seriously increase the burden on hospitals, creating a difficult situation for the healthcare system.
While the need to remake vaccines for new strains has not arisen, existing drugs remain sufficiently effective, Agranovsky said.
The absolutely dominant strain of coronavirus, according to the international database GISAID, remains “omicron”, which is detected during analyzes in more than 99% of samples of all biomaterial taken for testing. Identified new strains of mass distribution do not receive.
Back in mid-February, Doctor of Biological Sciences, virologist Alexander Shestopalov saidthat “omicron” may be the last successful mutation of the coronavirus due to the fact that it covered a very large number of people, that is, it turned out to be too successful. In addition, vaccination plays a role.
“The coronavirus will become like the flu: yes, there will be a cyclical appearance in its appearance – each region has its own. Yes, the coronavirus will stay with us forever. But there will be no such pandemic, because social conditions have changed – vaccination is underway, immunity is getting stronger, ”said Shestopalov.
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