What are the pests of the garden and the garden, as well as a list of reliable methods of dealing with them – in the UNIAN material.
Insects that feed on the leaves or roots of plants significantly damage the crop. Absolutely all summer residents face this problem every season and are looking for a way to get rid of harmful insects.
UNIAN will tell you how to effectively treat the garden from pests.
What pests are – types
What insect eats leaves / depositphotos.com
There is a basic list of insects that can most often be found in the garden. Depending on the type, they affect certain crops.
Small insects that look like butterflies prefer vegetable crops. Usually they can be found on cucumbers, tomatoes, pumpkin and squash. The larvae suck the juice from the leaves, pollute them with excrement. A good option against whiteflies is herbal infusions or chemicals.
An old friend who destroys crops of potatoes, tomatoes, peppers and eggplants. It completely eats the leaves, so you need to deal with such pests right away – collect with your hands or use insecticides.
A dangerous insect for both the garden and the garden. Damages the leaves, sucking the juice out of them, and letting the poison inside the leaf structure, because of which the plants quickly die. In addition, aphids carry viruses and infections, if not detected in time, you can lose the entire crop.
There are several ways to fight:
- plant mint, lemon balm, mustard, lavender and similar plants with strong aromas on the site;
- treat plants with a solution of water with soap and ash, a decoction of tobacco, celandine, yarrow, tansy, hot pepper, wormwood;
- use chemicals.
Keep in mind that you need to fight not only with aphids, but also with ants, which are carriers of pests.
Small insects that can attack white and red cabbage, radishes, radishes and turnips, therefore, are often found in gardens and fields with these crops. They gnaw holes in leaves and heads, severely damaging vegetables.
There are two ways to get rid of fleas:
- spray the crop with a tincture of garlic, tomato leaves and a spoonful of soap;
- process the leaves with a decoction of dandelion roots and leaves.
You can also plant garlic and onions next to vegetables, which repel fleas with their aroma.
Unpleasant pests that crawl into fruits and root crops, damage trunks and leaves. That is why they are very dangerous for any crops. High-quality drainage is a proven remedy against slugs, as is weeding the soil with the removal of possible hiding places – boards, stones and other objects where pests can hide.
How to get rid of pests in the garden – methods
How to get rid of pests in the garden / depositphotos.com
Experienced summer residents advise several options for dealing with insects. You can use all of them or choose one – at your discretion:
- Boiling water – an ideal tool that helps get rid of powdery mildew, blotches, aphids, mites and many other garden pests. All you need is to water the plants with water heated to 60-70°C.
- Manganese – prepare a weak pink solution and treat seeds, tubers, bulbs with it to prevent pests.
- Ash – a natural component that combines the effect of pesticides and fertilizers. Effective against cruciferous flea beetles and aphids. All you need is to scatter the ashes early in the morning under the roots of the plants, and the pests will leave on their own.
Another option is slaked lime. It is usually chosen to neutralize acidic soils and as a source of calcium for plants, but lime is also good for slugs.
No special gardening skills are needed to use this method – just sprinkle a strip of lime around the area with the crop to be protected from insects – pests will not touch your crop.