China imposes sanctions on Taiwan over Nancy Pelosi visit

China has decided to suspend the supply of natural sand to Taiwan from August 3. This was announced by the Ministry of Commerce of China.

By information Customs Service of China, since August 3, imports of citrus fruits and two types of fish from Taiwan have also been stopped.

In addition, Chinese citizens and companies banned cooperate with two foundations from Taiwan, which the Chinese authorities accuse of supporting separatism and trying to denigrate China.

Sanctions were introduced after August 2 Speaker of the US House of Representatives Nancy Pelosi flew to Taiwan – a third person in the American political system (the speaker of the lower house of Congress has not come to Taiwan since 1997). Pelosi visited Taiwan’s parliament and met with the island’s chief executive, Tsai Ing-wen, who presented her with the Order of Auspicious Clouds.

Pelosi’s visit to Taiwan outraged the Chinese governmentth. They are announced about conducting military exercises near Taiwan.

In addition, at the Taiwan Affairs Office under the State Council of the People’s Republic of China warned island authorities from “colluding with outside forces to carry out provocations regarding ‘independence'”, adding that this would “push Taiwan into the abyss of disaster.”

Previously, China had already imposed a ban on the export of sand to Taiwan in 2007; then it was canceled a year later.

Taiwan does not have many natural resources, so it relies on external sources to meet its growing demand for minerals.

In 2020, Taiwan imported almost 5.7 million tons of sand and gravel (of which natural sand, which is used in the production of concrete and asphalt, accounted for 8%). Nine-tenths of this volume was supplied from China.

Many countries are forced to import sand. Among them are the Arab countries, where it would seem that there is more than enough sand. But not everything is so simple. Desert sand is unsuitable for construction. The sand grains are too small and smooth and do not adhere well to each other. Therefore, for example, large and durable concrete buildings using desert sand cannot be built.

Taiwan is the third country in the world in terms of the use of sand in the construction industry. According to experts from BGR, China itself consumes the most sand for this purpose. It is followed by the USA, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Singapore. In Europe, Germany is the largest consumer.

Singapore has been the world’s largest sand importer for several years now. The city-state needs sand not only for construction, but also for a half-century-long program to expand the territory through land reclamation. Over the past 20 years, the country has imported over 520 million tons of sand.

As for Taiwan, the island is also known for its International Sand Sculpture Festival, which was founded in 2008. However, Chinese sanctions are unlikely to have much of an impact on this event.

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